Valbona Gjoni1, Ilir Akshija2
1Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania;
2University Hospital Center, “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania.
Aim: Echinococcosis has been an obligatory reportable at the National Reporting System Diseases level but, from the ‘90th till now, the disease was underreported.
The first CE prevalence data in Albania, known for 1935–1949 period, (Shiroka & Dervishi (1951), shows the infection appeared to be 1/3344 habitants (~1/100000). The aim was to help with the laboratory data in the improvement on management and in the reporting system, restoring again Echinococcosis in health control disease radar.
Methods: Since 2004, we’re collecting and completing data by crossing sources of information (imaging, surgery interventions, histopathology, hospital statistics and epidemiology), checking our immunologic data as probable/ confirmed and follow up cases.
Most of suspected cases sent for immunologic confirmation of CE diagnosis at IPH, have come directly from the UHC, “Mother Theresa”-Tirana (imaging and surgery services).
The laboratory methods (ELISA & WB) and the follow up patient care too, results sensible and specific in disease regeneration or during free cysts location.
Results: The available data so far shows that CE may affect every age-group population.
The positivity of all analyzed cases is 32%.
CE is widespread in different regions of Albania but Tirana with 1/3 of all the Albanian population, has the most number of presented cases.
63% of all our positive cases originate from Tirana but, it is assumed that the CE infestation isn’t autochthonous.
All our data have been consulted and reported with hospital colleagues interested and patients too.
Conclusion: To create the CE Registry at the National Level would require a fullness commitment from all of us and we appeal to have nonstop feedback information between, to accumulate all the data of confirmed cases.
Keywords: Echinococcocosis, infestation, prevalence, underreported disease.