Zahide Sulejmani1, Eugena Tomini1, Adela Vasili1, Irini Kasolli1
1Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania.
Aim: Health-related infections around the world there are numerous hands-on infections. Every year, hundreds of millions of patients are affected by health-related infections. All of these infections are the result of not using soap, antiseptic and disinfectant games which should be present in the health care facilities.The aim of hand washing is to remove microorganisms from the hands, preventing their possible transfer. It is known that organisms survive and multiply in human hands, creating the opportunity to infect others.
Methods: At the health care facilities samples were taken of the personnel manipulating the operating room facilities and in the intensive care unit. Samples at the health care personnel were taken before washing and after washing with soap and water. In the normal flora of the hands there are two types of germs that colonize the hands, such as the resident flora, which consists of microorganisms residing beneath the surface cells of the skin of the wrist and the temporal flora, which colonizes the superficial layers of the skin and is more suitable for removing from the usual hand hygiene by washing them.
Results: In total of 86 samples taken for the period January – December 2019, 79 samples, respectively = 91.8% were negative and 7 samples = 8.2% were contaminated with isolation and identification of pathogenic microorganisms of E. coli.
Conclusion: CDC recommends 15-20 seconds of vigorous hand washing with soap and water to effectively kill pathogenic germs, but only about 5% of people wash their hands for 15 seconds or more.
Keywords: antiseptic, disinfectant solutions, hand wash.