Enkelejda Velo1, Silva Bino1, Perparim Kadriaj1, Elton Rogozi1, Anisa Caka2, Gjergji Sino1, Viola Jani1, Luljeta Alla1, Elona Kureta1, Eugena Tomini1
1Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania.
Mosquitoes control program is established in Albania in 2014, and is an integrated prevention and control program, aiming at reducing mosquito’s density in urban and coastal areas.
Mosquitoes breeding sites are identified in urban and public spaces, in lagoons, national and public parks, canals, swamps, manholes, basements and septic tanks. Entomological monitoring is carried out every two weeks to check the quality control of the program. Ovitraps (3-10 per site) are used for studying eggs density and the seasonality of the tiger mosquito oviposition, CO2 traps (3-5 per site) are set up for adult’s collection, and dipper (3-5 dipping per station) for larval sampling at sentinel and control station. Mosquitos’ identification is done using “The mosquitoes of Europe”. Schaffner F. [CD-ROM].
Results have shown the presence of 4 abundant mosquitoes’ genus:
Genus Aedes represented mainly by Aedesalbopictus, a day bite aggressive mosquitoes and important vector of Chikungunja, Zika;
Genus Culexrepresented by the most widespread species Culexpipiens, vector of WNV, active mainly from the dusk throughout the night.
Genus Ochlerotatus represented by the most aggressive species Ochlerotatuscaspius and Oc. detritus. These species are typical crepuscular, with the activity that vary during the season.
Genus Anopheles. An. scharovi together with other species part of the An. maculipenniss.l. complex. is found present in National Park of Butrinti, Orikumi, Sop (Fieri), Divjaka forest, Lalzi Bay, St. Peter and Lezha.
As a conclusion, in total 18 mosquitoes species has been identified during the entomological studies carried out within the period 2014-2019 in urban and coastal areas, belonging to 6 genus Aedes, Ochlerotatus, Anopheles, Culex, Culiseta and Uranotenia.
Keywords: control program, infectious diseases, mosquito.