Ervisa Demollari1,Rudina Çumashi2, Entela Neziri2, Romina Hala2, Gentiana Qirjako2,3
1Health Care Services Operator;
2Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania;
3Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania.
Aim: Anaemia is a serious concern for children because it can impair cognitivedevelopment, stunt growth, and increase morbidity from infectious diseases.Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide and an important public health problem especially in developing countries.The most common causes of IDA (iron deficiencyanemia) observed in children include inadequate food intake, low birth weight and gastrointestinal losses due to excessive consumption of cow’s milk.
Methodology:Acomparison of the results from Albanian demographic and health surveys (ADHS 2008-09 and 2017-18) was conductedto identify trends and distributionof anemiabetween2018 and 2009 in Albania.
Results:One in four (25%) children age 6-59 months are anemic (hemoglobin below 11 g/dl), from those 17% of them are mildly anemic, 7% are moderately anemic, and less than 1% of them are severely anemic in 2018. The prevalence of anemia among children age 6-59 months has increased from 17% in 2008-09 to 25% in 2017-18. There are significant variations in the prevalence of anemia across prefectures; 44% of children in Dibra are anemic, compared to 18% of children in Tirana.The prevalence of anemia is higher in rural areas(27%) than in urban areas (22%)and it decreases with increasing mother’s education and household wealth.
Conclusions:Results highlight the need for interventions to understand the reasons of this situation and plan for other interventions to improve the situation of anemia in childrenaged 6- 59 month in Albania.
Keywords: Anemia,children, iron deficiency,prevalence.