Luljeta Alla1, Erjona Abazaj1, Arben Ndreu3, Edmond Puca3, Shkëlqime Poga1, Silva Bino1,2
1Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania;
2Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania;
3University Medical Center “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania.
Introduction: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic infectious disease that affects animals and humans. People are accidentally affected by direct and indirect contact. Leptospirosis in Albania is one of the most problematic zoonoses especially in recent years.
Methods: A brief summary of the performance of leptospirosis for the period January-October 2019 compared to January-October 2019 has been made in the material presented. The largest number of specimens came from Hospital Center “Mother Teresa” University, but during this period suspected cases arrived from the other sites like gastro-hepatology.
Results: In total, during 2019, 47 cases were reported, compared to 65 cases reported in 2018 in the same time period. Cases were followed based on passive and active surveillance .Of the total reported cases, about 51.5% of them were positive in both years (based on the period taken in the analysis). All cases were tested in the laboratory of Institute of Public health by ELISA test (NovaTec immunodiagnostica) for presence of IgM and IgG antibodies. In cases where there were suspicious values obtained from the examination a second serum is required within 3-7 days of the first sample. Second sample testing has increased the evidence of positive cases with Leptospira spp. The most infected cases resulted to be in age older then 45 years old followed by +65 years old. Male to female ratio is 9:1. According to geographic spatial the most infected are middle area and northwest of Albania.
Conclusion: Leptospirosis is an endemic disease in Albania. The positivity of the cases tested during this period is almost the same. Investigation of the risk factors for this disease is a necessary in our country.
Keywords: Leptospirosis; ELISA; positivity.