Jonida Haxhiu1, Entela Bitraj1, Blerina Kodra1, Flavio Dibra1
1Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania.
Aim: School bullying is a worrying situation worldwide. Prevention is already a challenge for health and education professionals alike. Teachers are regarded as effective interveners in such programs, contributing in a variety of ways.
Methods: This study examined teachers’ views on the most effective ways to respond to school bullying situations. 7 focus groups were organized with teachers of Tirana elementary schools, 5 in the city and 2 in the village. The teachers involved were 80% female and 20% male.
Results: Teaching knowledge about bullying is very important in order to identify such problems and to take appropriate measures and advice. On the other hand, teacher intervention needs the support of school, principals, peers and students. Students are less likely to be involved in episodes of bullying when they realize that teachers are paying attention to them, especially when the teacher promotes a positive classroom environment and manages behavioral learning issues in a positive way. Parental involvement seems to strengthen the effects, as well as the use of effective practices of bullying prevention. A very important aspect is to increase the awareness among students about the role of each of them in this phenomenon.
Conclusions: School bullying prevention programs must be comprehensive, intensive and sustainable. Teachers play a key role in preventing school bullying by identifying and dealing with bullies in a timely manner. This study highlights the importance of involving teachers in effective interaction between students, teachers and parents. Teachers also need additional knowledge about managing bulling situations.
Keywords: bullying, students, teachers.