Romina Hala1, Rudina Çumashi1, Entela Neziri1, Ervisa Demollari2,
1 Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania;
2 Health Care Services Operator
3Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania.
Aim: Tobacco use is the most common preventable cause of premature loss of health worldwide, accounting for almost8 million deaths from a tobacco-related disease in 2017. The numberof annual deaths are expected to increase even after tobacco usage starts to decline. Tobacco can also be deadly for non-smokers. The aim of this analysis is to compare the trend of tobacco usage according to the last surveys of Albanian Demographic Health Survey conducted in last decade (2008-09 and 2017-18).
Methods: The last two ADHS surveys were conducted on a national representative sample, aged 15 to 49 years old.The data used in this study referred to cigarette smoking during their life and current smoking.
Results: Overall, between 2008-09 and 2017-18, ADHS cigarette smoking decreased from 43% to 35% among men aged 15-49, but it remained almost stable among women of the same age (4% and 5%, respectively). Among men, despite their educational level or place of living (urban vs. rural), cigarette smoking has decreased between 2008-09 and 2017-18 ADHS. Among women with a university education, cigarette smoking has decreased from 15% to 8%, otherwise for women with a low level of education, cigarette smoking has increased from 7% to 16%. For women in urban and rural areas, cigarette smoking has remained almost stable (8% to 7% and 1% to 2% respectively) in both surveys.
Conclusions: Despite the optimistic results from our findings, continuing education activities as well as promoting positive attitudes towards smoking cessation can make sustainable these decreasing trends in tobacco use in the Albanian population.
Keywords:ADHS,Albanian population, tobacco use, smoking.