Arta Ago1, Jolanda Hyska2
1Institute of Public Health, Tirana, Albania;
2Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania.
Aim: Environmental noise is defined as an unwanted and harmful external sound caused by human activities. Noise pollution has become a problem for European citizens’ lives due to the consequences it causes on their health. There are still difficulties today in determining the adverse health effects arising from noise. The aim was to assess the noise sources, evaluation of population annoyance rate by urban noise and finally, evaluation of population knowledge on the institutions responsible for noise monitoring and controlof population group inhabitants of the Tirana city.
Methods: This is was a cross-sectional study. A questionnaire with 29 questions was constructed and 242 face-to-face interviews were conducted with randomly selected residents from different areas of Tirana.
Results: Data showed that 84% of interviewees were affected by noise in the respective residential area. About 70% of them consider the noise level in their area of residence is exacerbated, mainly by road transport noise (65%). The most health effects reported by the interviewers were irritation (63%), headache (60%), sleep disturbances (42 %) and anxiety (20%). More than one of three of the responded (37%) was unaware of the institutions responsible for environmental noise management, while 33% think that the Municipality followed by the State Police Department (14%) are the main responsible institutions.
Conclusion:Urban noise continues to be a growing concern for Tirana residents. The institutions responsible for noise monitoring and control should be more proactive in fulfilling their legal obligations.
Keywords: health effect, pollution, perception, road traffic, urban noise.