1 Institute of Public Health.
Aim: Road accidents remain one of the main cause of deaths among young people. Drivers between 18 to 25 years of age are more likely to cause road accidents than adults. Some factors related to a risk behavior for road accidents are the following:
Biological and social changes happening among people between 15 to 25 years old. Lack of awareness and experience on safe road driving. An increase of social activities among adolescents and the fact that they are being exposed to risky behaviors such as alcohol and drug consumption, peer pressure, the use of mobile phones while driving. Another risk factor for road accidents could be the use of old and small automobiles due to the fact that they are more affordable economically and practical to use but on the other hand these vehicles have a less probability to endure road accidents and also they are not equipped with technological safety devises compared to the new vehicles. Also, the use of safety belts and road safety clothes is low among youth compared to adults.
Methodology: The material presented is based on observation methodology, annual reports on road safety under the chapter on youth road accidents.
Results: A number of road security measures have been adopted in order to reduce the risks for road accidents caused by young drivers. These recommendations are based on evidence:
– A better implementation of the speed limits, norms/limits of alcohol intake and the use of safety belt.
– Training and continuing education on road risk perception their extension as a precaution measure for prevention of road accidents.
– Adoption of a more rigid driving licensing procedure that will encourage young potential drivers to practice more in order to apply safety road instructions.
– Encouraging young drivers to use a more safe vehicles and the new helping technology
Conclusion: The young drivers must know and apply secure road regulations or at least some of them. They also have to take into account basic driving instructions.
Key words: accidents, road security, young drivers.